Hepatitis B virus – Remember the vacuum cleaner

This week I’ll be puting up two posts because I like the look of you, kid. First up is actually a repost of my Advertiser article (a similar version of which had also been published in an issue of the Adelaide University student rag On Dit 2007) on my pet virus Hepatitis B virus. I only got one piece of feedback and that was from a Mrs. Fay Towill.
Remember the vacuum cleaner.

Remember the vacuum cleaner. (Photo taken by Thomas Tu)

Mrs. Towill rang me up at work and also thought it necessary to send me about 50 pages of her own research, including: some highlighted and annotated interpretations of The Quran (specifically bits concerning jihad and hypocrisy); photocopies of other science-related articles (concerning fish sex changes and pain pill addiction); photocopied letters from the office of The Hon Jane Lomax Smith MP and Sir Mark Oliphant (from 1986); and some pages on phycho (sic) physics. I now present to you, the reader, her annotated copy of my article. It’s fairly amazing. You can download it as a .pdf down the bottom of this article or just read on pass the jump for a typed out copy.

(TT – Mrs. Towill’s comments in blue, all underlining is hers)

These papers notes (not theories) are not intellectual Property

I am Self educated – Learnt from my own experiences by degreees – the hard way – Yes knowledge is power

Re. Telephone  (9th 6 2009 – AM) Private research  for “TRUTH”

Fay J Towill F.L.C F.L.T © My experiences Life + Near death

CAN YOU BELEIVE IT?

We are many but we are not all of one Judgement and one mind.  MORALY SANE

with Thomas Tu, University of Adelaide

Thank you for your knowledge. Humans are self festructive. Attitude becomes behaviour problems.

Beat the sneak virus (TT – It was originally titled “Liver? Damn near killed ‘er!” but evidently The Advertiser didn’t like it)

CLEANLINESS is next to Godliness (Perfect Health)

<In the margins> Remember the Vacuum Cleaner a Reason for every part. The human body has a Reason for every Function. Use them – do not abuse them.

If one does not start some thinK one does not have to gie it up. The mind controls the body functions.

IMAGINE a virus that has infected one third of the world’s population; a virus that has killed more people than HIV; a virus that we have no effective cure for. – Self Control

Actually, don’t waste your imagination. There is one among us already – Hepatitis B Virus (HBV).

HBV is pretty sneaky. Many people who have been infected with HBV have no idea they’re carrying it as it may cause few symptoms. This means HBV can be passed on without the knowledge of the infected individual.

know Thy self – Body

HBV is spread through exchange of bodily fluids. Blood, semen and vaginal fluids all contain HBV in an infected person. Also, HBV can survive outside the body for a week and still infect you.

HBV first infects the liver, then uses the liver cells as factories to produce more copies of itself, which are released in very high numbers in the blood.

More than 100 million infectious particles can be found in 1 mL of blood of a typical person with hepatitis B.

It only takes 10 particles to produce an infection, so a single person can house enough HBV in their body to give hepatitis B to everyone in the world more than 10 times over.

So it isn’t a big surprise that HBV has infected 2 billion people worldwide.

Flu-like symptoms, liver pain, nausea and jaundice (yellowing of the skin) occurs in many patients as the immune system is trying to rid the body of HBV by killing the infected liver cells. But sometimes, patients do not experience any symptoms at all or dismiss it as a cold.

The more serious effects of HBV infection comes later.

Two outcomes can come out of being infected with HBV:

1) The person launches a strong immune response, clears the virus and has life-long immunity to HBV or

2) The person does not clear the virus and instead gets a chronic infection.

Whether a person ends up with the first or second outcome depends on many factors (some we are still finding out).

The state of your immune system, how much virus you’re infected with, whether you’ve been vaccinated and your age all affect the outcome of infection.

For example, an unvaccinated adult has a 90 per cent chance of clearing the virus but an unvaccinated infant has a 90 per cent chance of ending up with a chronic infection. People with chronic infections are the ones at risk of developing liver cancer and cirrhosis (scarring of the liver, leading to altered blood flow, and liver failure).

In fact, at least 25 per cent of chronic patients will die of complications due to HBV infection. This accounts for about one million deaths each year.

We still don’t know the full mechanism of why liver cancer and cirrhosis comes about from HBV infection, so it’s currently a big area of research.

Once you’ve got a chronic infection, it’s very hard to get rid of.

There’s no 100 per cent cure for HBV once you have a chronic infection. Antiviral drugs can help, but patients often get sick again after being taken off them.

Though it is a cliche, the best treatment is prevention. A highly effective, safe vaccine against HBV is available and everyone should get one, if they haven’t already.

Thomas Tu, is a PhD student in the Discipline of Microbiology and Immunology, School of Molecular and Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Sci-ences.

CYBI HBV Feedback small
Click picture for .pdf.
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1 Comment

Filed under Thomas' Corner

One response to “Hepatitis B virus – Remember the vacuum cleaner

  1. A Serious Man

    These papers notes (not theories) are not intellectual Property
    >>By definition they are. Granted, not particularly intellectual… and you reserve copyright.

    I am Self educated – Learnt from my own experiences by degrees – the hard way – Yes knowledge is power
    >>You have forgotten to self-learn punctuation. As they say, God is in the details.

    Remember the Vacuum Cleaner a Reason for every part. The human body has a Reason for every Function. Use them – do not abuse them.
    >>Most of the vacuum cleaner is a shell which serves little purpose; other than to impress its futuristic technology, patented in the 1950’s. As for the human body, the vermiform appendix serves no role whatsoever.—unless being a target for infection and serious illness is its intended role.

    If one does not start some thinK one does not have to give it up
    >>by definition, it is an impossibility to give a ‘thing’ up, when the ‘thing’ in question has not commenced. Oh, I see… you’re suggesting a more general avoidance of complex issues, ideas, and actions which are too confrontational for one’s attention. Very crafty.

    IMAGINE a virus that has infected one third of the world’s population; a virus that has killed more people than HIV; a virus that we have no effective cure for. – Self Control
    >>A virus is not self, thereby remaining beyond the realm of control. Thankfully, it is well within the realm of ‘big pharma’.

    know Thy self – Body
    >> You know that piece of skin right under your anus. I haven’t seen it. I don’t want to see it. I am pretending it doesn’t exist.

    There really is no reason why a vacuum cleaner needs its own power switch.

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